ALL SHARING THE SAME AQUIFER
West Milford Township Well Study Committee Flyer
WHY SHOULD WE CONSERVE
Whether your water comes from
your well or MUA’s, we’re all sharing the same ‘Sole Source
Aquifer.’ All of West Milford’s water comes from a poor,
interconnected geological structure. Under much of WM is dense,
poorly-fissured granite to hold and transport water. Above that rock, is
a lot of clay soil, which provides poor drainage to the rock aquifer.
So, most of the precipitation flows off as surface or subsurface ‘runoff’
into streams, lakes & reservoirs, or it evaporates. Only about 6% of
WM’s precipitation goes to groundwater recharge.
West Milford’s water supply
has been running dry and is now at a very dangerous level. NJ DEP’s
records indicate more permits for WM replacement wells &
well-deepening during the past 3 years than in decades. Most people know
someone having well problems. Many residents have had full well
dry-outs, int6rmittent dry-outs, decreases in water yield, or water that
is no longer drinkable because it now has high amounts of iron or
manganese. It is estimated that at least 10% of our residents have had
water problems during the past few years, and that it will take at least
8 years to replenish our aquifer, even if the precipitation immediately
returned to normal.
Water is our most precious
resource; we can’t live without it. If you have good water now, it may
not be there in the future. We ALL must conserve water during the
drought, and afterwards. The WM Well Study Committee statistics show
that about 50% of the homes in some areas averaged 2.5 gallons/minute
when their well was installed. Now, many of those are dry. A water
expert told Council that we have enough water for 6,500 homes but we
have 9,500 drinking from that supply, and WM is zoned for thousands more
homes. WM has insufficient water even with no drought.
If WM must pipe in water from
elsewhere, that could cost millions in taxes. In the past, WM asked
Newark to sell us reservoir water. They refused, needing it for their
own residents. The average resident uses 100 gallons of water daily:
about 45% for toilets, 30% for
bathing, 20% for dishes & laundry, 5% for drinking & cooking.
Summer water use is almost double: for lawn & garden watering,
swimming pools, car washing, showers after lake swimming. We must all
save at least 20% of our daily water use; below are suggestions. You may
think of others; share ideas with your neighbors.
IN THE BATHROOM:
Save up to 25% of toilet water: put a
brick or bottle filled with water into your’ toilet tank.
You don’t need to flush every time
(about 5 gal/flush): “If it’s yellow, call it mellow; if it’s brown,
flush it down.”
Repair leaky faucets & toilets
(if food coloring put in the tank ap,pe8rs in the bowl without flushing, you
have a leak).
Showers can use less water than
baths. Installing low-flow shower heads can reduce shower water by 50%.
Likewise, spend half the time in the
shower. A five minute shower uses about 35 gallons of water.
You can get wet, turn off the water,
soap up and then rinse off, to use half the usual shower water.
Don’t let the water run while
brushing your teeth, shaving, washing your hands or shampooing.
When showering, close the drain and
use the water for house-plants. We recycle trash; Let’s now recycle water!
Installing faucet aerators can save
up to 50% of faucet water normally used. (file: water-2]
ELSEWHERE IN & AROUND YOUR
Wash fruits, vegetables and dishes in
a dish-pan; not under running water.
Only run the dishwasher or laundry
machine with a full load; use the short-cycle setting to save water.
Maybe you don’t need to wash outer
clothes, sheets and towels as often as in the past.
Keep water in the refrigerator
instead of running it until it is cold; refrigerating soft drinks saves ice
Use dehumidifier drippings to water
house plants. Use mulch around outside plants to reduce watering needs.
For newly seeded or sodded lawns,
water very early in the morning to reduce evaporation.
Set mower blades higher to reduce
evaporation. Plant only drought tolerant plants and grasses.